To change text size - click 'View' on toolbar

Democracy, Muslim style

WorldNetDaily by Hal Lindsey

Jan 27, 2006

Hal Lindsey is willing to tell the truth about Islam, spoken to the shame of the self-proclaiming 'Christian' houses of this world.

[No matter what the author of this site or Hal Lindsey has to say [Hal Lindsey, on a grand scale, is a better writer than I am] - the Scriptures have ALL Authority - so, single out the Scriptures, and pay the most attention to them]

Hear what the Spirit saith:

2Ti 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.

Hal Lindsey says...

As you can imagine, everyone is asking me my take on the significance of the Hamas victory in "Democratic elections" held in the West Bank and Gaza.

Let me put this into the larger context of my view on the situation. I view all of this from the vantage point of God's prophecies concerning His miraculous restoration of Israel as a nation in the land He unconditionally promised them "in the last days."

Gal 4:26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. [the mother of all living - as Eve was]

If she is 'up above' then where is the eternal Israel?

1Cr 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God.

Eze 37:12 Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.

1Cr 15:51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, because flesh and blood cannot enter into the Kingdom.

1Th 4:17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. in the air

"His miraculous restoration of the last days"

The foundation of 'The Temple of God' was already laid approx. 2000 years ago. Keep reading....

God predicted the following things through the prophet Ezekiel, in stages:

Stage 1

The physical restoration of the Israelites to nationhood in their ancient home land from their worldwide dispersion: Jerusalem is above

Thus says the Lord God, "Behold, I will take the sons of Israel from among the nations where they have gone, and I will gather them from every side and bring them into their own land; and I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel ..."  ? Ezekiel 37:21-22

Rev 12:12 Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time. he is the accuser and calls all of the prophets and apostles of Christ liars day and night - here on earth in the book called the Koran.


Dan 11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength {the name Israel], and shall take away the daily sacrifice daily bread, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate. dead


Important to understand -There is a resurrection of the damned:

Rev 17:10 And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is {makes 6 - 2000 years ago], and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. {Done

Rom 8:9 And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition. The eighth, the last kingdom on earth, is made up of the seven  {Five of them had lived before the time of Christ - for it is written: "five are fallen" They all come up out of the pit at the end:

Rev 9:2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened [made evil] by reason of the smoke of the pit.

Eze 32:18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters [cities] of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.

Eze 32:22 Asshur is there

Eze 32:24 There is Elam

Eze 32:26 There is Meshech, Tubal  {makes 4 - but is the 5th because Pharaoh is the first - and is the last

Eze 32:29 There is Edom Edom is Esau {the sixth of whom it is written - is made up of many members - and is as good as dead - but not dead at the time of Christ.

Oba 1:6 How are the things of Esau searched out! how are his hidden things sought up!

There are two forces thrown together:

Amo 3:15 And I will smite the winter house with the summer house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses shall have an end, saith the LORD. {happens in the resurrection of the dammed - the clash of 2 powers

One force is from the pit - and one force is kicked out of heaven:

Rev 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

Joe 3:12 Let the heathen be wakened a resurrection, and come up [from the pit] to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about. he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit

Eze 29:3 Speak, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon [the Assyrian] that lieth in the midst of his rivers, which hath said, My river is mine own, and I have made it for myself.

Isa 9:15 The ancient and honourable, he is the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the tail.

Rev 9:19 For their power is in their mouth [image], and in their tails [prophets]: for their tails were like unto serpents [devils], and had heads [kings], and with them they do hurt.

Isa 9:12 The Syrians before, and the Philistines behind; and they shall devour Israel with open mouth. {with 'an image' - a false gospel - The Gospel of Christ is 'an image' also

There are many more Scriptures [puzzle pieces] that fit with these ones about the resurrection of the damned - not given here - but can be found in the Bible.

Hab 1:5 Behold ye among the heathen, and regard, and wonder marvellously: for I will work a work in your days, which ye will not believe, though it be told you.

Isa 29:14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.

Eze 37:12 Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.

Eze 37:13 And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves, and shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD.

Has this happened yet? for us who are here on earth?....

Hbr 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment.

"concerning His miraculous restoration of Israel as a nation in the land He unconditionally promised them "in the last days"

1Jo 2:18 Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. {We are in it!  and He already 'restored' Israel. Keep reading.

God speaks to two different realms; the visible AND the invisible - to the heavens AND the earth {important to keep in remembrance while reading the Book of the Lord. It will help to open up the Scriptures for you.

Stage 2

This restored nation of Israel will be attacked in "the last days" by a coalition of the surrounding nations (that are all Muslim with Persia preeminent) that will be armed and led by Russia:

On that day when My people Israel are living securely, will you not know it? You will come from your place out of the remote parts of the north [Russia], you and many peoples with you [Muslim nations], all of them riding on horses, a great assembly and a mighty army; and you will come up against My people Israel like a cloud to cover the land. It shall come about in the last days that I will bring you against My land, so that the nations may know Me when I am sanctified through you before their eyes, O Gog.

SaveCancelCloseEdit FileW

? Ezekiel 38:14-16)

Psa 48:2 Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King.

Jer 46:10 For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates. [the Euphrates is a 'river of time' Rev 9:14

Jer 51:63 And it shall be, when thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates.

Jer 51:64 And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary.


Jam 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

Luk 21:20 And when ye shall [physically] see [the physical] Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.

Mat 24:21 Then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

Joe 1:15 Alas for the day! for the day of the LORD is at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come. when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh... then shall be great tribulation for the whole world.

Rev 21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth [new world]: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. {no more peoples nations and tongues

Isa 54:9 For this is as the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth {They died - without mercy; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee. The true Church of God

Mat 24:37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

Isa 11:16 And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.

Exd 14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters [peoples, nations and tongues] were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. {and Pharaoh peruses them - then the 'waters' come crashing down.

Stage 3

After Israel's Messiah miraculously delivers them from utter destruction, they will recognize who He is and believe in Him:

And I will set My glory among the nations; and all the nations will see My judgment which I have executed and My hand which I have laid on them. And the house of Israel will know that I am the Lord their God from that day onward.

hen finished, click Save or Cancel below. Chang

? Ezekiel 39:21-22

Eze 37:13 And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves. Not all graves appear at the time of the one Trumpet. {a time that is revealed in the hidden manna. This world does not know when that takes place.

The prophet Zechariah describes their conversion:

I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn. {which already began 2000 years ago...

Mat 2:18 In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.

e PermissionsReadWriteExecuteUser

? Zechariah 12:10

He already poured out His Spirit:

Jer 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant {already done] with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Jer 31:33 This shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.  The Lord already did this

Jer 31:34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD. {All who are in the body of God

They 'shall' - means it was to come. It came:

1Jo 2:27 But the anointing [The New Covenant] which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.

Jhn 14:26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

Rom 8:9 Ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

Jhn 14:30 for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.

He already poured out His Spirit. The Old Testament said that the time would come when we no longer need any man to teach us - and the New Testament says - we need no man to teach us.

Hbr 8:13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old.

There is only one time in Israel's history when Israel "pierced her God" ? it was when they rejected their Messiah, Yeshua Ha'Meshiach, and delivered Him to be crucified by the Romans. (I am not saying here that Israel alone is guilty for that. Since the Messiah died for the sins of all mankind, we are all equally guilty for His death.)

Isa 62:2 And the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy glory: and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of the LORD shall name.

Rev 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna [of the parables], and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

We are not worthy to speak it:

Mat 11:27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him. The Son reveals the new name

An just as we can point to the Scriptures that reveal the prophecy about Palestine for end times - to show that that it was there the WHOLE time - so will God be able to point to the new name - to show that it was there - the WHOLE time.  This world does not know it.

If you can figure out who 'the First and the Last' is and how the resurrections take place - you will be able to figure out the new name.

It isn't possible to know it - unless the Son shows it to you. It requires a true heart for God's parables and believing prayers that He will show it to you - from His Text Book.

Mat 21:22 And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.

Isa 34:16 Seek ye out of the book of the LORD, and read: no one of these shall fail, none shall want her mate: for my mouth it hath commanded, and his spirit it hath gathered them.

The Temple of God is not physical:

1Cr 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

1Cr 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you? which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?

1Cr 3:17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are. {the way to defile the temple - is by what comes out of the mouth:

Mat 12:37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.

Eph 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour.

Mic 1:2 Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple. which temple ye are} 1Cr 3:17

Psa 149:6 Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a two-edged Sword in their hand;

Psa 149:9 To execute upon them the judgment [already] written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.

Jer 1:15 For, lo, I will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, saith the LORD; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entering of the gates of Jerusalem, and against all the walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of Judah.

Jer 1:16 And I will utter my judgments against them touching all their wickedness, who have forsaken Me, and have burned incense [prayers] unto other gods, and worshipped the works of their own hands {their own teachings].

Zec 6:15 And they that are far off [in time, from that time] shall come and build in the temple of the LORD, and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you. And this shall come to pass, if ye will diligently obey the voice of the LORD your God.

2Ti 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

2Cr 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Mat 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works [Scriptures rightly divided], and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

This is the work of the Temple of God. All are commanded to take part.

Now to the main point of my understanding of these prophecies. According to God's prophecies ? that relate to these very times we live in ? once Israel is restored as a nation from their worldwide dispersion, they will never again be destroyed as a nation. Israel will go through the greatest calamities of their history, but God will not allow them to be destroyed and scattered again. The whole context of Ezekiel chapters 36 through 39 promises this.

I analyzed the disaster the Oslo Peace Accords triggered, with its even more catastrophic offspring, the Roadmap to Peace. I surmised that unless Israel soon chooses a leader that will be strong enough to fight off foreign intervention, refuse to give into terrorists and deal in strength against those who vow that they will wipe Israel off the map, they will be destroyed.

The whole world stands condemned - on a level that a child can understand:

Joe 3:4 Yea, and what have ye to do with Me, O Tyre, and Zidon, and all the coasts of Palestine? will ye render Me a recompence? and if ye recompense Me, swiftly and speedily will I return your recompence upon your own head. [Tyre and Zidon are a mystery to this world. But Palestine - is in the flesh.

The Koran never even mentions the name Palestine - nor Jerusalem. So, what right does Islam have in demanding that Israel be destroyed? who have parked themselves in the physical Jerusalem?

They have no Spiritual Authority to do so.

And the stench that is called "right to self-determination" is nothing else - but another name for Murder. And that body called the UN - accepted it.

Exd 15:14 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina. {song of Moses} the saints 'sing' this song To execute upon them the judgment [already] written: Psa 149:9

And they sing the song of the Lamb:

Mar 13:14 But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation {desolate - without life - without the Son - Palestine denies the Son], STANDING WHERE IT OUGHT NOT Because God already condemned Palestine - and the name Israel belongs to God - not men

But when ye shall see the abomination....standing where it ought not...

Mat 24:21 Then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

Isa 14:31 Howl, O gate; cry, O city; thou, whole Palestina, art dissolved: for there shall come from the north a smoke, and none shall be alone in his appointed times.

Why fight to build that which God already said He is going to destroy?

These truths are the 'stoning' that causes death:

Lev 24:16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD [The name Israel is a name that belongs to God], he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be {Key words] put to death.

Jer 51:57 They shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.

Deu 32:39 See now that I, even I, am He, and there is no god with Me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of My hand.

Psa 89:48 What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Murderers are already condemned

Rom 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumbling Stone and Rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

1Pe 2:8 And a Stone of stumbling, and a Rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

Which self-professing 'Christian' house have you heard singing the song of Moses?

Eph 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour.

Isa 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

1Pe 2:8 A Stone of stumbling, and a Rock of offence...

1Pe 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

Lev 24:16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be put to death.

Jer 51:57 They shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.

Deu 32:31 For their rock is not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges. {Taking lives they did not give, nor can give back]

For there is:

Ecc 3:5 A time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together; {into the resurrection of the righteous]

Isa 62:10 Go through, go through the gates; prepare ye the way of the people; cast up, cast up the highway {the dry ground - appears on the 'third day' - which we have entered]; gather out the stones; lift up a standard for the people.

Mat 12:30 He that is not with Me - is against Me {there is no in-between]; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad. 'are cast away'

I know of only one leader in Israel who has the kind of understanding of Islam and the courage and strategy to deal with them. His name is Benyamin Netanyahu. This is why I sought and got an interview with him in early November while I was in Jerusalem.

Benyamin Netanyahu is not 'singing' the song of Moses

In that interview, I asked him what would be his plan if elected prime minister again. His answer was awesome in its insight, clarity and wisdom. By the way, that interview is available on DVD from my website. It was the one I intended to show when I was cancelled at TBN.

When I talked to knowledgeable people about Netanyahu getting elected, no one gave him a chance. My friend and astute news analyst Morris Beschloss thought it was virtually impossible. I said to him, "Just watch. I believe God will move events around so that 'Bibi' Netanyahu will be elected." He now believes along with me that this is a real probability.

Two events changed the whole political landscape in Israel, not to mention the world's. First, Ariel Sharon had his tragic stroke. Second, Hamas was elected to power in a truly free "democratic election." In other words - Palestinians made it perfectly clear - that they are the true Islam. So why are non-Muslim leaders financially supporting a religion?

This last event shocked even the most liberal-minded peacenik dreamer in Israel. {what else did they expect?] Now most of Israel realizes that the only hope to survive is to bring in a leader who will not give anything to "terrorists because he knows it only emboldens them to attack more and gives them power over the few Palestinians that might not want to use the jihad option."

Palestine is a great sin of this world - because God already condemned it. Islam has no Justification for demanding it - because the Koran never even mentioned it.

Psa 83:4 They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. {Prophecy of David. David also gave the prophecies of Christ]

The name Israel is too much of a reminder of The Holy One of Israel - and Islam can not tolerate it.

It is my sincere prayer for Israel that they elect Mr. Netanyahu as their next prime minister. I can't see anyone else doing what needs to be done.

Eph 4:25 speak every man truth with his neighbour

2Cr 10:4 For the weapons [Scriptures] of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds.

The song of Moses and the song of the Lamb proves which God is the real One. No other god ever told about Palestine for end times - and here is Palestine for all to see.

In the meantime, we Americans need to learn the lesson that all of the dictatorial rulers of Muslim countries know only too well. They are never foolish enough to allow a truly free, democratic election. These leaders know that if they did, most them would be voted out of power by the most radical elements of Islam. Just look at Algeria, Morocco ? and, yes, Saudi Arabia ? to name a few examples. Even Egypt exerts lots of pressure behind the scenes on their elections.

'Democracy' does not exist in Islam:

005.051 O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for your friends and protectors {authorities]: They are but friends and protectors to each other. And he amongst you that turns to them for friendship is of them. Verily Allah guideth not a people unjust.

009.030 The Jews call 'Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; in this they but imitate what '''the unbelievers'''  of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!

047.004 Therefore, when ye meet '''the Unbelievers''' in fight, smite at their necks. {Behead them! and they are commanded to initiate the fight}  002.216  009.039

So America needs to learn a different solution for dealing with the Muslim world. Fight to set them free from the tyranny of Muslim leaders. Set them up in a democracy. Most of them will then use that "democratic freedom" to vote back in a radical fundamentalist and return to the severity of the Quran's Sharia Law. {Is this not so?] That is their religion. It is contrary to concepts of Western-style democracy.

Zec 8:16 These are the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates.

2Cr 10:4 The weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;

Hbr 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

Eph 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour {which is love]: for we are members one of another.

Rev 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.


1Th 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. The Holy One of Israel


Luk 11:23 He that is not with Me - is against Me:

and he that gathereth not with Me scattereth.